Month: April 2022

Current Affairs

The best movie of 2020 … or how did the movie fight the epidemic?

Here, 2020 has passed and we thought it would not pass, a very difficult year in the world, which history will remember with dark memories and an epidemic that changed the lives of millions of people.

And since cinema reflects our lives, in terms of subject matter or changes in the industry under different circumstances, it is natural that the seventh industry is affected by the Covid-19 epidemic, and we still can't see a good movie about the epidemic, but it's certainly a long-term one. Has affected. Whether long breaks from production and filming, movie theater closures, slow returns and massive financial losses have affected the entire industry.

We've also seen a big change in the way movies are shown and distributed this year, with millions of people criticizing movie presentation on platforms like Netflix in recent months, making these platforms the safest and best outlet to watch, but there's film which is film on-demand, Are distributed through the platform. As a way to mitigate material damage.

But despite all these losses we have endured this year, 2020 was not without good films that fascinated and delighted millions of movie fans and perhaps in all this darkness this art and other entertainment industries were our safe haven.

In this article, I have selected the best movies of 2020, which I have chosen after many difficult differences between movies, some of which will be on my list of favorites in the coming years, so this list proves that cinema is an art that was created to survive and thrive. . It also helps people overcome difficulties.

Best English Speaking 2020 Movies

1- I'm thinking of finishing things


Charlie Kaufman is truly a distinguished cinematographer, one of the most talented directors alive at the moment, but in spite of this great talent, he encounters difficulties in production which at the same time makes his productions very insignificant and sadly reprehensible.

Since 2015, animated movie Anomalysa, He has not acted in any other movie except this year I am thinking of ending thingsIt is a unique cinematic experience written and directed by him, which takes us into the main character's mind on a perilous journey between self-doubt and the image of idealism, complex family and emotional relationships.

The movie was full of literary and cinematic references that gave it an extra pleasure in decoding, plus the super-beautiful cinematic image - which did a great deal of damage to its presentation on the Netflix platform - and multiple philosophical and psychological dimensions that added weight and meaning to the work. Different according to the text.

2- Father


Many movies have been made about the relationship between fatherhood and filial piety, especially the father's aging and his health problems or the bad relationship between him and his children, but how did director Florian Zeller and writer Christopher Hampton recapture the plot? Is this beautiful?

The movie "The Father", starring Anthony Hopkins and Olivia Coleman, is one of their most beautiful roles, in which Hopkins plays the role of a father with Alzheimer's or geriatric dementia, where Coleman plays the role of a girl suffering from a sick father. Character

3- Nomadland


Golden Lion Award winning film at the Venice Film Festival. Starring Oscar winner Frances McDormand and directed by Chloe Chow, which is set in the American desert, it is not a traditional Western film, but a special kind of poetic work.

It revolves around a middle-aged woman after the death of her husband, who decides to leave her previous life and start the real life that she had long wanted to travel in the desert using a wagon, from a simple job to another job. Make a living, and enjoy the time in peace.

The movie did not give us a traditional plot of beginning, middle and end, or conflict and climax, none of which was needed, only the subtle journey and decay of transformation into a heroine to become a person close to oneself. The film was one of the most beautiful and soft films of the year, with the exception of the heroine in the social burden, and McDromond's calm acting and great photography and the use of non-professional actors in almost all the characters.

The best movie of 2020 from outside Hollywood

4- There is no evil


Iranian cinema is constantly trying to overcome censorship and religious difficulties, creating cinematic masterpieces for us every year that prove that extreme localism can be a way of globalization and for the most important prize in the film industry. So there was nothing surprising in the film There is no evil The Golden Bear Award from the Berlin Film Festival was won by Muhammad Rasulouf, not even surprisingly, because of the movie his director entered into a legal crisis and sentenced him to prison, which did not materialize due to circumstances. Corona virus.

The events of the movie take place within the framework of four different stories, each presenting a different face of the same coin, because they were together on a subject, which is the death penalty, but from the point of view of those who are the last step. Dealing with this step, does he consider it a routine act or a murder of his humanity?

5- My favorite fight


My favorite fight A film by director Ilse Burkoska Jacobsen, a documentary work, but due to poor budget and power, he decided to present it in a mix of cartoons, videos and photographs.

It's about Latvia since World War II, and until it emerged from behind the Soviet state, and how that country, like other communists, suffered from anger, poverty and terror.

You just have to appreciate this very simple movie, but at the same time full of emotion, with a unique plot, you forgot that you are watching a documentary movie, even the animation was separated despite the movie's bad budget, and I call it the best cartoon movie of 2020. Consider, because this year was devoid of great cartoon movies.

6- Undine


Undine A film directed by Christian Petzgeld, which took place in Berlin recently, but you can only feel an external environment that dominates the work and in fact the movie mixes realism and legend.

The heroine UndineThe one who works in a museum in Berlin and the emergence of a successful relationship from a failed emotional relationship that ends in a tragic outcome is an echo of German legend. Undine And both real and mythical characters combine the same fate.

The film's heroine, Paula Beer, was nominated for a Silver Beer Award for Best Actress, and the film won the Best Picture award at the last Berlin Festival.

7- Servant


A Slovakian film directed by Ivan Ostruchvsky, which presents another face of dictatorship, affecting the students of a theological school at this time, who are asked to cooperate with the political police, otherwise they will face the most violent consequences, and two students Choose between losing life.

8- Gagarin


Gagarin is a French film about land, identity, family and imagination that sometimes saves us and sometimes kills us.

The events of the movie take place in a huge apartment complex building called Gagarin, as the famous astronaut Yuri Gagarin, who opened this building in the twentieth century.

Yuri is a lonely young man whose mother rejects him in the Gagarin building in search of a new family so that the building, with details of its occupants and elements, becomes pregnant for him, and when the Gagarin building threatens to collapse due to age, he tries to save it by all means.

Eventually, when all his earthly solutions come to an end, he decides to embark on a journey into space where consciousness merges with the unconscious, and Gagarin's men must save him to return to life.

Translated from:

Current Affairs

List of state birds of India

StateCommon nameBinomial naming Andhra PradeshIndian rollerCoracias benghalensis Arunachal PradeshGreat HornbillBuceros bicornis AssamWhite-winged wooden duckAscornis scutulata BiharIndian rollerCoracias benghalensis ChhattisgarhBastar hill autopsyGracula Religious Peninsula GoaBlack-crested BulbulPycnonotus flaviventris GujaratGreater FlamingoPhenicopteras rojas HaryanaBlack FranklinFrankolinas Frankolinas Himachal PradeshWestern Tragopan (Jujurana)Tragopan melanocephalus Jammu and KashmirBlack-necked storkGrass nigricolis JharkhandAsian quailEudynamys scolopaceus KarnatakaIndian rollerCoracias benghalensis KeralaGreat HornbillBuceros bicornis Madhya PradeshAsian Paradise FlycatcherTerpsiphone paradise MaharashtraYellow-legged green doveTreron Phoenicoptera ManipurMrs. Hume's partridgeSyrmaticus humiae MeghalayaMountain autopsyGracula Religious Peninsula MizoramMrs. Hume's partridgeSyrmaticus humiae NagalandBleith's TragopanTragopan Blythe OrissaIndian rollerCoracias benghalensis PunjabNorth GoshakThe Greek hawk RajasthanGreat Indian BastardArdeotis nigriceps SikkimBlood partridgeIthaginian bloody Tamil NaduEmerald DoveChalcophaps indica TelanganaIndian rollerCoracias benghalensis TripuraGreen Imperial PigeonDukula Aeneas UttarakhandHimalayan MonalLofophras impejanas Uttar PradeshJuicy storkCrane Antigone West BengalWhite-breasted KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis Pondicherry (UT)Asian quailEudynamys scolopaceus Lakshadweep (UT)Suite turnOnicoprian fuscatus Delhi (NCT)House sparrowPedestrian pet
Current Affairs

Increase IQ with computerized cognitive training review

There has been a growing body of scientific evidence over the last 10 years that a certain type of computerized cognitive training (CCT) has the potential to significantly increase IQ - e.g. Work memory training. Commercial CCT comes in many forms. Many brain training companies divide training into different types of cognitive processing such as speed, memory, attention, etc. In light of all the studies that have been done on this variety of training, it is only memory training that has shown the real potential for intelligence growth.

What is working memory?

Votxtvotx It can be thought of as our 'mental workplace'. Imagine for a second you were transposed into the karmic driven world of Earl. Imagine for a second you were transposed into the karmic driven world of Earl.

More formally, working memory is a short-term memory and management system that

"Provides temporary storage and manipulation of information needed for complex cognitive tasks such as language comprehension, learning and reasoning." Badley, 2003, p. 189

People have different work memories Power - The amount of such information they can maintain and process. Working memory capacity is highly correlated with IQ.

This is understandable, because you can imagine that more intelligent people have a larger mental 'workspace' and are able to make relatively more connections and guesses using this vast workspace.

Dual n-back training

JayegiIn 2008, Suzanne M. Jayegi and colleagues published an original research paper Massive transfer 20 days computerized working memory training for intelligence. 'Wide transfer' means that training not only improves the game but also improves general cognitive ability and IQ test performance. This paper has generated a great deal of interest in the possibility of training the brain to improve intelligence.

Working memory exercises are used in Jaeggi Dual N-back - which is now the most widely studied computerized cognitive training game. This involves looking at a continuous flow of items such as moving squares and determining whether the position of each square matches the position 'n' stimulus in time. Memory 'gap' is 'n-back level'. If you want to keep track of the position 2 goes backwards, then you are at the 2-back level. If you are tracking position 3 backwards - then you are at 3-back level. Here you can see a 2-back example:

Single n-back

Inside Dual n-back training, an oral and a visual stream of items are presented both At the same time Shown below for a 2-back game:

Dual n-back example

How effective is dual n-back training?

Jayegi and his colleagues published their dual N-back study in 2008. Since then numerous studies have been published exploring the effects of dual n-back training on cognitive performance, and there has been a heated debate between both cognitive scientists and the popular media. Cognitive training revolves around the idea that IQ can increase.

Some studies have failed to replicate the effects of IQ-boosting training - such as this study by a team led by Todd Thompson of MIT's Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences:

"[our] The results fail to support the notion that adaptive work memory training in healthy young adults enhances work memory in untrained work, fluid intelligence, or other systems of cognitive ability. " (2013)

But many other studies have found significant IQ-enhancing effects, such as Sarah Rudebeck of the Department of Experimental Psychology at Oxford University:

"We found that trainers, compared to non-trainers, showed a significant improvement in fluid intelligence after 20 days. Our research shows that the practice of a… working memory task ... can potentially improve both memory and fluid intelligence."(2012)

So how do we evaluate conflicting evidence? Does dual n-back training work?

To answer this question, we need to distinguish between different grades of evidence.

  1. ‘In-house’ research CConference discussions, papers 'under review' and other unpublished material. (E.g. Lumos Labs Unpublished documents.)
  2. Single peer-reviewed journal article that has not been replicated.
  3. Several peer-reviewed journal articles from various labs, including transcripts.
  4. Meta-reviews of multiple peer-reviewed journal articles, including transcripts.

The higher the level of evidence the more reliable - be it for computerized cognitive training or other brain cross training methods such as neutropics, non-stop fasting or meditation.

The two latest meta-reviews of Work Memory Training - one published this year and the other written for publication - are both over. Dual N-back training is effective in improving general cognitive performance and IQ test scores.

The 2014 study paper by Jackie Au and colleagues at the University of California concluded:

"Our work demonstrates the effectiveness of a few weeks of N-back training to improve GF's measurement performance. [fluid intelligence]. We request that future studies go beyond trying to answer this simple question of whether there is a shift and instead, try to explore the nature and extent of how these improved test scores may reflect "true" improvements in Gf that may translate into reality. . , Real-world settings. "

My grad school colleague Jason Chain - chief investigator at Temple University Neurocognition Lab, reached a similar conclusion in a meta-review of his 2014 memory training, concluding that the training "actually shows a positive transition, even to the remote transfer system" (personal correspondence).

Based on this meta-review evidence - the highest grade scientific evidence we have - we can conclude that dual n-back training is worth your time and effort investment if you want to achieve general cognitive performance. Other types of computerized cognitive training - or learning musical instruments, playing video games, or regular aerobic exercise - are of no equal benefit.

Increasing IQ Gain: Dual N-Back Optimization

In their meta-review, Jackie Au and colleagues argue that the average increase in IQ from training is a Less guess Due to sampling and testing criteria. Furthermore, they believe that the size of the impact they have reported can be magnified Optimize With specific game parameters:

  • End of the program
  • Increase the underlying motivation to complete the program

The authors argue for this reason:

"The results reported in this meta-analysis present a low-end estimate of the actual level of improvement that may be on the scale of N-back training. [intelligence]”

The name of the game now accurately determines the key parameters of dual n-back training that can optimize a wide shift in IQ and general cognitive performance. A similarity is growing tomatoes. If you know you can grow them, then your next concern is how to make them bigger and better - like adding different watering schedules or fertilizers or changing the rising temperature!

Intervention control and 'second generation' dual n-back training

A strong candidate parameter for optimizing dual n-back training that I am particularly interested in Interference control.

Intervention A technical term for Misleading information This is similar to the information needed to perform well in a game or cognitive challenge. If you are playing the N-back game, and you are at the 3-back level, a combined stimulus for N = 2 or N = 4 would be eligible as an intervention. This is shown in the figure.

Intervention n-back

Another example of intervention is found in the Strup Task. You can now try the task for yourself - moving from left to right, as soon as you can Ink color Here the word - ignore the meaning of the word (the answer to the first is 'red').

Strup task

Since word reading is very well practiced and automated, there is a strong intervention effect in this task - you have noticed! The meaning of words captures your attention, and interferes with your ability to perform tasks. It takes concentration to control this intervention.

There is good scientific evidence for this Interference control - Ability to filter this kind of misleading information - Underlying the link between work memory and intelligence.

  • Second, Claudia von Bastiana and Klaus Oberaura of the Department of Psychology at the University of Zurich observed that a game gains IQ based on memory training only in 'supervised' work. Supervision is a term The aspect of working memory used to control interference - Defined as "Electoral activation of restriction of relevant and irrelevant information".

It is now built into all IQ Mindware apps by default, based on the strong possibility of interference control for IQ gain. Creating interference control is a new thing in dual n-back games, and that's why I call it 'second generation' (2G) dual n-back training.

I also developed the only one with the HighIQPro app Strupe dual n-back In the market. In this game you have to keep track of the N-back match, ignoring the position of the arrows and the color of the words, ignoring their meaning. Here the image shows an example of this with n-back = 2.

Strup n-back

Feedback from users experience of cognitive gain from Strup Dual N-Back has therefore been positive. This dual n-back variation has a great potential to optimize IQ gain. HighIQPro also offers standard dual n-back training with intervention.

In short, we can consider a similarity with sports performance.

Significant gains in sports performance are now possible - and achieving those gains depends on scientifically guided training programs. Similarly it is becoming clear that cognitive performance gains are possible and these too rely on scientifically guided training programs. Evolutionary versions of dual N-back and other forms of work memory training will be central to achieving and maintaining the highest levels of cognitive performance in the next decade.

Current Affairs

Silky chicken Price – Features

Follow my blog with Bloglovin

What is Silky Chicken?

The Silky chicken A breed of chicken. It is called Silky because of its plump plumage that looks like silk. This breed has many unusual features such as black skin, bones and limbs and five toes on each foot, whereas most chickens have only four. It is considered as one of the most beautiful breeds of Bantam chicken. They come in many colors, such as white (most common), black, gray, blue, buff, red, partridge and splash.

The history of the silky hen dates back to the 13th century when Marco Polo wrote about it:

Silky history

There is a great belief that the origin of black chickens goes back to Asia, especially ancient China, and there are those who say that they came from India or Java.

They appeared in the West in the mid-1800s and in the United States by 1872, and have gained much popularity since then.

Silky chicken as a pet

Silky is usually sweet, and even roosters are usually and non-aggressive to humans, so many people raise it as a pet, especially for babies.

Silky properties

Uses: Eggs and pets

Color: Comes in many colors like white (most common), black, gray, blue, buff, red, partridge and splash.

Egg production by year: 100 to 160 eggs.

1- All silky have five fingers. It is known as POLYDACTYLY and is inherited through genes.

2- Silky There are black feathers, skin, flesh, bones and limbs.

3- All Silky The legs and feet of the chicken are covered with feathers.

4- Silky Must have blue ear lobes and a mulberry red comb.

5- Silky A wonderful breed, they are sweet and non-invasive to humans, so they can be the perfect choice as a pet.

6- One of the popular features of feathers. It is very soft and fluffy. They lack the barbs needed to make normal feathers, so silky can't fly at all. These soft feathers help to give these delightful little birds their unique look.

7- The egg production department lacks them, producing about 120 quite small eggs in their first year alone. Silkies are not a large layer although they are made with standard eggs and hard shells for it.

8- They are long life chickens as compared to other breeds of chickens. They are concerned about an average life of about 8 or 9 years and other species remain productive for a long time even after stopping laying eggs. This is probably due to their happy nature and low productivity rate.

Silky price

There are different opinions on what is the best way to buy silky chicken at any age and what is the best way to get silky. As a general rule, the price of silk may vary greatly depending on the quality and condition of the bird. There is no standard value for a silky. Prices vary depending on the age of the chickens, the position of the seller and the quality of chickens they are offering. The cheapest way to get silky is to buy fertile eggs and bake them yourself.

In general the cost of silky can vary from about (20 (£ 16) to $ 120 (£ 80) per bird and it is best to buy it from a breeder so you can see the stock you are getting.

The top of the quality range is $ 10-15 per hen and $ 25-50 for a hen or stock breeding cockerel.

Where can you buy silk?

1. Gumtree

2. Buy directly from breeders.

3. Craigslist.

4. eBay. In some countries, you can sell hatching eggs on eBay.

5. Facebook. Find chickens and breeders.

6. Auction. There is a selection of chickens for sale at the auction of poultry or cattle.

7. Join the Poultry Club and find a list of registered breeders.

8. Find breeders online or visit forums.

Silky chicken

The black color of silky chicken makes it scary or disgusting for some people, but in fact, this chicken meat is very tasty and the taste of the meat is a bit stronger than normal chicken. Silky is a delicacy of the Asian community, especially with the Chinese. Silky is more for medicinal purposes like ordinary chicken soup with more health benefits. Silky meat tastes just like chicken but with a strong and fatty taste but still very tasty.

How to cook silky chicken?

It is often cooked whole, but if you use large birds, it can be cut into pieces with bones.

Use lots of herbal ingredients in the cavity or just in the broth and cook for 30 -45 minutes or more until fully cooked, but it can be made not only in soup but also in many other ways including curry.

Follow my blog with Bloglovin
Current Affairs

Current common sense today: First in India

Current common sense today: First in India

First in India

1. Who was the first President of India - Dr. Rajendra Prasad
2. Who was the first Prime Minister of India - Jawaharlal Nehru
3. Who was the first Indian Governor-General of India - C. Rajagopalachari
4. Who was the first Mughal emperor - Babur
5. Who was the first President of the United States - John Hanson
6. Who was the first woman President of India - Pratibha Devisingh Patil
7. Who was the first woman Prime Minister of India? Indira Gandhi
8. Who was the first king of India - Chandragupta Maurya
9. Who was the first astronaut - Yuri Gagarin
10. Who was the first Attorney General of India - MC Setalvad
11. Who was the first American President to visit India? Dwight D. Eisenhower
12. Who was the first avenger - Captain America
13. Who was the first animal to go into space? Dog Leica
14. Who was the first astronaut to walk on the surface of the moon - Neil Armstrong
15. Who was the first Indian astronaut - Rakesh Sharma
16. Who was the first Chief of Army Staff of India? Field Marshal Kodanera "Keeper" Madappa Kariyappa
17. Who was the first president of America - John Hanson
18. Who was the first British Governor General of India - Warren Hastings
19. Who was the first black president of South Africa - Nelson Mandela
20. Who was the first Bharat Ratna - C. Rajagopalachari
21. Who was the first British Governor of India - Warren Hastings
22. Who was the first battle of Panipat - 21 April 1526
23. Who was the first captain of Indian cricket team - CK Naidu
24. Who was the first Chief Minister of Delhi - Chowdhury Brahma Prakash
25. Who was the first Chief Election Commissioner of India - Sukumar Sen.
26. Who was the first Chairman of the Planning Commission of India - Jawaharlal Nehru
27. Who was the first Chairman of Rajya Sabha - Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
28. Who was the first Chief Minister of Bihar - Krishna Singh
29. Who was the first chairman of ISRO? Vikram Sarabhai
30. Who was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India - Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
31. Who was the first Dalit President of India - Kocheril Raman Narayanan
32. Who was the first Defense Minister of India - Baldev Singh
33. Who was the first Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha - SV Krishnamurti Rao
34. Who was the first Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha - Madbhushi Anantasayanam Iyengar
35. Who was the first dog to go into space? Dog Leica
36. Who was the first Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission? - Gulzarilal Nanda
37. Who was the first Election Commissioner of India - Sukumar Sen.
38. Who was the first Education Minister of Independent India - Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
39. Who was the first emperor of India - Chandragupta Maurya
40. Who was the first governor - Warren Hastings
41. Who was the first Governor General of Bengal - Warren Hastings
42. Who was the first Guru of Sikhs - Guru Nanak
43. Who was the first Health Minister of India - Princess Amrit Kaur
44. Who was the first Home Minister- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
45. Who was the first Indian to go into space - Rakesh Sharma
46. ​​Who was the first IAS officer in India - Satyendranath Tagore
47. The first Indian to climb Mount Everest - Avatar Singh Chima
48. Who was the first Indian to win an Oscar - Vanu Athaiya
49. Who was the first Indian cricket captain - CK Naidu
50. Who was the first Indian Governor General of India - Warren Hastings
51. Who was the first Indian to win the Nobel Prize - Rabindranath Tagore
52. Who was the first person in space - Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin
53. Who was the first woman in space - Valentina Tereshkova
54. Who was the first judge of the Supreme Court of India - Harilal Jekisundas Kania
55. Who was the first Jnanpith award winner - G Shankara is ugly
56. Who was the first judge of the High Court? Leela Seth
57. Who was the first semis of Jammu and Kashmir - Ghulam Mohammad Sadiq
58. Who was the first Governor of Jammu and Kashmir - Karan Singh
59. Who was the first king of England - Egbert (Egerhot)
60. Who was the first king of Nepal- Prithvi Narayan Shah
61. Who was the first law minister of India - Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar too
62. Who was the first Speaker of Lok Sabha - Ganesh Basudev Mavalankar
63. Who was the first Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha - AK Gopalan
64. Who was the first man to land on the moon? Neil Armstrong
65. Who was the first person to climb Mount Everest - Edmund Hillary
66. Who was the first Mughal ruler - Babur
67. Who was the first Muslim President of India - Zakir Hossain
68. Who was the first Nobel laureate in India - Rabindranath Tagore
69. Who was the first Nawab of Bengal - Murshid Quli Khan
70. Who was the first non-Indian to receive Bharat Ratna - Mother Teresa
71. Who was the first nurse - Florence Nightingale72. Who was India's first National Security Adviser - Brajesh Mishra
73. Who was the first Nobel laureate in physics- Wilhelm Conrad Rন্টntgen (Germany)
74. Who was the first national ruler of India - Chandragupta Maurya
75. Who was the first Nizam of Hyderabad? Asaf Jah
76. Who was the first national poet of India - Rabindranath Tagore
77. Who was the first Oscar winner from India - Vanu Athaiya
78. Who was the first Olympic winner - James Conley
79. Who was the first owner of Kohinoor diamond - Kakatiya dynasty
80. Who was the first President of Independent India - Dr. Rajendra Prasad
81. Who was the first Railway Minister of Independent India - John Mathai
82. Who is the first recipient of Param Vir Chakra - Major Somnath Sharma
83. Who was the first ruler of the slave dynasty - Qutb al-Din Aibak
84. Who was the first ruler of Delhi Sultanate -Qutb al-Din Aibak
85. Who was the first Roman emperor - Augustus
86. Who was the first ruler of Mughal Empire - Babur
87. Who was the first Secretary General of the United Nations? Try lying
88. Who was the first Speaker of Rajya Sabha - Mr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan
89. Who was the first test tube baby - Lewis Joy Brown
90. Who was the first teacher in India - Savitribai jyotirao phule
91. Who was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India - Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
92. Who was the first Vice President of Independent India - Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan
93. Who was the first voter of India - Shyam Sharan Negi
94. Who was the first Vice Chairman of Planning Commission? VT Krishnamachari
95. Who was the first Vice PM of India - Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
96. Who was the first woman Governor of India? Sarojini Naidu
97. Who was the first president of 20th century - Dr. Rajendra Prasad
98. What was the first five year plan- March 15, 1950
99. Who was the first digital village in India - Akodara
100. Who was the first Wi-Fi hotspot village in Haryana - Gumthala Garu
Current Affairs

Training the brain to improve fluid intelligence: Simultaneous breathing counts

In this article you will be given:

  • A Effective brain training exercises You can do it anytime - without a computer.
  • Improved ability Working through a train of complex problems, decisions or thoughts in your own mind without losing track.
  • A clean Understanding Of nature Votxtvotx And how it works closely with you Fluid intelligence (GF) - Your ability to reason, solve fancy problems or see new conceptual relationships.

Let’s start with some work memory brain training

Definition of working memory: The brain processes that enable you to remember and notice relevant information in subsequent processes, contemporary processing and / or short-term memory in the face of confusion.

The amount of information that can be stored in the 'mental workspace' of functional memory is limited - but some people may have more information than others - that is, they have a larger Working memory capacity (WMC)

Here is a memory training exercise you can do anytime - use another IQ Mindware app or not.

(1) Familiarize yourself with abdominal (diaphragmatic) breathing. It got its name from using the diaphragm (below the lungs) to completely fill the lungs with oxygen. It has the effect of pushing the abdomen outwards.

Here is a video introduction to abdominal breathing - Its health benefits and how to do it.


(2) Find some leisure time where you are not doing anything and you can concentrate internally. Work memory training strengthens your ability to think internally - not all your thinking is driven by external stimuli.

(3) Inhale for 1-5 counts and exhale for 6-10 counts and repeat this cycle, smoothly without any breaks. After each breathing cycle where you count from 1 to 10, place an additional 'placeholder' count of the number of breaths, count from 1 to 10 and then mark each complete breath and come down to 1 again. So the calculation pattern is:

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,1,2,3,4,5, 6,7,8,9,10,1,2,3,4,5

1 2 3

(4) Start by trying to keep track of 19 abdomen-breaths - i.e. up to 10 breaths and again down to 1 (do not count 10 twice before counting to 1 again!). If you lose track of where you are, start again from 1.

(5) Once you have achieved this, extend the cycle 1-10-1, so that you can maintain this exercise for 5-10 minutes. Any time you lose place start again from 1.

(6) In this exercise you are training your work memory and focus focus! Also, you are practicing abdominal breathing which has a lot of health benefits including stress relief.

(2) If you think you have mastered this 'double counting' practice, you can combine it with listening to classical music. When you count, switch your attention to the music whenever you can and actively try to listen to it, notice what you want about the music - such as the emotional melody, or the tempo, or the melody, or the combination of instruments. Listen to music as if you have set aside time alone to truly get the most out of it - as much as you can concentrate. Switching between counting work and music will give you extra training Switching your attention Between two contemporary works.

Why this functional memory brain training improves fluid intelligence (Gf)

Definition of liquid intelligence: Ability to reason, solve problems and see new conceptual relationships Fancy situations where there was no previous practice. Fluid Intelligence (GF) is common intelligence.g) In fact on some systems, it is virtually identical g.

When you use logic and reasoning to solve problems or make decisions, you usually have to work your way up. Problem space - A kind of branching tree of possible solutions, or decision options, etc., that you need to keep track of where you are in the place of this problem. This concept of a problem place is shown in the figure below in the tree on the left

Focus your attention (A Below), Maintains Some ideas or information in your limited capacity work memory3) - for example a conjecture or decision option. You can now come up with ideas, and to see them flush it out, it's really fun.Updating It). When you think about the effects, you need to Detach From that line of thought, and shift your spotlight to another part of the problem - such a different option. In this process you can go deeper into the problem area, as shown in the figure. All these functions of working memory are shown on the right in the diagram.

Problem space and limited workspace of work memory
Problem space and limited workspace of work memory

Let's consider an example:

You must decide whether (a) stay home on vacation, b) go on vacation, or (c) postpone vacation and complete a project. These three alternatives are presented in the first row of the problem space - and comparing them to each other and prioritizing which sequence you will consider takes up all your work memory. Workplace (Shown on the right). You first focus on option (a), and it has 4 effects (such as reconnecting with children, repairing some homes, visiting in-laws, and visiting in-laws). Then focus on the third of these options, and realize that this could lead to two different - but uncertain - results: renewing an old argument or enabling you to move on. At the same time it will definitely do men a favor for your wife. Evaluating these options in terms of probability and outcome takes your work memory workspace to this level of overall problem space. After working through all of this, you should be able to hold your place in the overall problem area and now refocus on the 'Go on vacation' option at the top of the tree!

How Simultaneous Breathing Counts Improve Fluid Intelligence (Gf)

When you train your breath count, you are training your ability to keep track of where you are in the 'big picture' (breath count) - as well as focusing on counting from 1> 10> 1 with each breathing cycle. This translates to working on sub-tasks within an overall problem space, as well as keeping track of exactly where you are in the problem area.

And that's why this kind of working memory training helps to improve your fluid intelligence. It's really that simple. This type of breathing calculation training will help if you are fully aware (meta-conscious) of the context in which you are doing a concurrent task while holding this kind of space while solving problems, reasoning or making decisions.

Factoid: Working memory and WAIS

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) tests are the most widely used full-scale IQ test for both adults and adolescents on the planet. A WAIS IQ test, such as the WAIS-V sub-test or 'primary index scale'. One of these scales (with 2 sub-tests) Votxtvotx - Shown here.

But working memory is more than one of the 5 primary indicator scales. It is the focal point of all the basic scales of general intelligence (g) - As we have seen Kovacs and Conway's process overlap theory of general intelligence where executive process (black dot) = work memory and attention control.

General intelligence process overlap theory (POT)
General intelligence process overlap theory (POT)

Current Affairs

Shirazi All about cat origins – features – types

The origin of the Shirazi cat

Shirazi cat Known as beautiful cats and is distinguished by their soft, long and thick hair and their origin goes back to Iran, or what is known as Persia. So it is sometimes called Persian cat, And it was introduced to Italy by an Italian explorer in the late eighteenth century and a century later; That is, by the end of the nineteenth century, the species was known and spread across Europe.

Characteristics of Shirazi cats

Shirazi cats are friendly and family friendly and calm in nature. They are one of the quiet breeds of cats, and they have a moderate temperament, and they are non-aggressive cats, they rarely pull out their paws, and they like to sleep and stay still for long periods of time and their sleep time is fun, playful, Up to 16 hours a day as well as being entertaining and clean. Shirazi cats reach a length of about 60 cm and weigh about 4.5 kg and their average age is about twenty years. The Shirazi cat Long hair has soft fur and its density increases in the shoulders and neck. It has multiple colors, such as: white, black and smoky, each color distinguishes it from other colors, but Shirazi cats have large and beautiful eyes, shiny and round, their face is round and their eyes are sometimes the same color as their fur, their The ears are small, their legs are short with fur, their bones are thick, their noses do not stick out of their mouths and their tails are short.

The 5 most important types of Shirazi cats, with names and pictures.

1- Shirazi cat face of the moon

Shirazi cats are very popular with the moon face. Compared to other Shirazi cats. It has many morphological features, the most important of which are; The eyes are large and have a round shape, and the nose is small. Which has a slight height, and long ears adorn all parts of its body, except the neck area, in addition to a finely shaped, dense covering, as this cat has; Long legs, square face.

Shirazi cat face of the moon
Shirazi cat face of the moon

2-Himalayan Shirazi Cat

The Himalayan cat was produced after a mating process between two Siamese cats and a Persian cat. Thus, the result was that they had distinct morphological features from the two species.

The most notable is the wide blue eye, which differs from the shape of the face, which is shown in Figure 8, and has small legs in addition to the small ears, with a dotted shape, a small tail, adorned with its thick fur, which requires a great deal of interest. ; Because of their lazy nature.

Himalayan Shirazi Cat
Himalayan Shirazi Cat

3-Half Becky Shirazi Cat

Such Shirazi cats appeared; After the reunion of Becky-Face and Moon Face; It had reason to turn; It is called Half Becky and the most important features of this type are; His eyes are round in shape, appearing asymmetrically, including his nose, which is under the eyes, and his face, which appears as number 8.

Half Becky Shirazi Cat
Half Becky Shirazi Cat

4- Puppet face Shirazi cat

Fish States are entitled to cats; Becky-faced cats and moon-faced cats both have common physical characteristics, but they are very similar in shape to moon-faced cats, but they have smaller limbs than moon-faced cats.

Puppet face Shirazi cat
Puppet face Shirazi cat

5-Becky face Shirazi

Becky-face cats are the most expensive of the Shirazi cats. We can say that this is the most expensive Shirazi cat; Since it possesses all the previous formal features of all kinds of Shirazi cats; But the difference is the same; It has a flat shaped nose at eye level equal to eye color, which is difficult to identify and determine.

Becky Face Shirazi

Becky Face Shirazi

Shirazi is a way to take care of cats

When keeping a Shirazi cat at home, you must take care of its mental health and not neglect it, feed it and caress it and treat it like a member of the household and maintain its cleanliness, bathing should be at least . Once a month, and clean her body, ears and hair. To protect her from parasites and small insects, constantly comb her hair; To remove knots and tangles, and dead hair from it, in addition to giving him the necessary vaccinations, check him regularly; To ensure the safety of his health.

Finally, we will mention the most important advantages of Shirazi Cat, as well as its disadvantages, so that you can get the complete picture in this article about Shirazi Cat.

Benefits of Shirazi Cats

1- These cats are one of the most familiar types of animals in the house and they train their owners quickly without any difficulty and adapt to live in the house.

2- It has a long, thick, soft fur that contrasts with gold, orange, black and white with amazing variety of colors.

3- She has a slightly round face, her nose is short, her legs are short, and she has big wide eyes and she is the most beautiful cat in the world.

4- Shirazi Cat is calm, always has a pleasant mood, loves to play a lot and is safe to play with children, and is able to adapt to other animals living near him.

5- Cats like to sleep a lot and sit for about sixteen hours a day and they are clean cats.

Shirazi cat difficulty

1- Due to the long and thick fur, it always needs care, as they are more likely to pick up small insects or parasites and be infected with various diseases.

2- Kidney failure, but as the cat gets older, the risk of infection increases, one of the symptoms of cat kidney failure is frequent urination.

3- Due to the small size of the nose, it is always prone to shortness of breath and weight loss and depression, so your cat should take good care of exposure to proper ventilation and stay away from unpleasant or annoying places. The smell

4- He has a high risk of eye diseases due to narrowing of the tear duct, so you need to clean his eyes thoroughly and constantly so that the disease does not get infected.

5- Because his heart wall is thick, he has a high risk of heart disease, especially if he is overweight or old and he may die suddenly.

You can also see: The best food you can make at home for Shirazi cats

Current Affairs

Working memory output getting training

A well-designed brain training app targets the 'nuclear' cognitive functions and processes within our brain's 'central processor' - sometimes called Executive process. These key functions are shown in the 'Knowledge Material' model below.


IQ Mindware apps are designed to target different components for different cognitive functions. Today we will be looking for targets Fluid intelligence (GF)


Cognitive material model
Selectively executed by IQ Mindware Apps


Working memory (light gray box) is ours Mental workplace - We can remember that information at any moment for reasoning, problem solving, decision making, understanding and learning. Input gating is our focus on selecting information for this workspace, focusing, operating and disengaging is what we do with the workspace information under attentive control, and output gating is from processing the information we use to guide our decisions and actions. . Mindwear is the set of rules and techniques we use to guide our thinking.

Fluid intelligence The 'hub' of various 'broad powers' of intelligence measured by IQ tests and other types of cognitive performance tests - as shown here.


Fluid intelligence processes overlap with all other types of 'multiple intelligence'. If your training results in a change in neuroplasticity to fluid intelligence (GF), then you are training the core network of your overall intelligence.

G and GF
Fluid intelligence overlaps with other broader factors of IQ


At least try to complete this month's challenge 20 sessions Training with the following settings to improve your fluid intelligence (GF)


I'm guessing you've reached at least 2-back level with the first classic dual n-back game mode. This is an essential background practice for this challenge.


For the challenge, when you set up a new profile in your HighIQPro app, Unelected Tests - Unless you want to measure your IQ before and after the challenge - select IQ tests in the HRP Track app. And Unelected Tutorials for this challenge when you set up your profile.


Training setting 1

Choose at least 1G mode first (you can also try 2G or 2G +, but the key to this challenge is at least 1G which trains the working memory Output getting (Shown in the 'Cognitive Element' model above).


Output Getting Training
Output Getting Training


Getting working memory output Processes (in your prefrontal cortex) are important for learning and applying complex, context-dependent rules - processes that are central GF.


"Output gating is at the heart of developmental change, especially in the use of high-order regimes ... increased training-induced cognitive flexibility ... mediated by more efficient output gating to present abstract rules that support generalization, learning, and fluid reasoning." (Unger and colleagues, 2016)


Training settings 2 and 3

Next - switch on Interference control And Hand switching Options, shown below. These enable you to selectively train Detach In the above cognitive component model.


Isolation training
Dysfunctional memory training


Applying fluid intelligence can be like 'offline' reasoning and hypothesis testing - like when you solve matrix IQ tests, and you try to figure out the underlying rules of patterns.


“In case of problem solving (Gf), the ability of high functional memory allows a person to present and maintain a problem accurately and consistently, so that 'guess test' can be done. However, since the assumptions are unproven or unproven, Detach Efforts to solve old problems become important so that new assumptions can be made and tested. "(Ref)


In terms of the 'Cognitive Element' model, IQ Mindware app based on training, the working memory capacity is relatively high. Focus Function when liquid intelligence is relatively more dependent Isolation Function - such as clearing a guess from your mind that you have thought about but rejected because you are thinking through a problem. This is shown in the figure below from this 2018 review of working memory and fluid intelligence:


Gf and separation
Working memory capacity versus fluid intelligence (GF)


Upgraded HiIcupro (Published March 2019) GF-Code training.


This upgrade improves output gating (compared to the original gated dual n-back) and lets you set your own n-back level.


This desktop / laptop app comes with a link to a post-training fluid intelligence and work memory IQ test and we guarantee a 10-20 point IQ increase as a result of the training.


For training GF-CODE data processing components Fluid is specific to intelligence (GF) After first getting acquainted with the standard dual n-back training, select the following settings:


1. Turn on interference control (for Stop training)

2. For game mode 1G, 2G or 2G + Output getting) Which is a function closely related to fluid intelligence and higher levels of learning, just as dissociation in work memory.